The Coronavirus Outbreak

Key developments you may have missed.

Updated weekday evenings

  • In the past seven days, seven countries — Argentina, Brazil, Britain, France, India, Russia and the U.S. — have each reported at least 100,000 new cases of the coronavirus, helping to push total cases worldwide to more than 40.7 million.
  • Boston suspended in-person learning in public schools, citing the city’s rising tide of cases.
  • Gov. Philip Murphy of New Jersey went into quarantine after a staff member tested positive for the virus.

Live Updates

Emrah Gurel/Associated Press
Ahmedabad, India
Ajit Solanki/Associated Press
Gabriel Kuchta/Getty Images
Bali, Indonesia
Firdia Lisnawati/Associated Press
Tupelo, Miss.
Adam Robinson/The Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal, via AP
Leeds, England
Danny Lawson/Press Association, via Associated Press
Barcelona, Spain
Emilio Morenatti/Associated Press
Gaza City
Mohammed Abed/AFP — Getty Images

How New Cases Are Changing by Day

See all new cases around the world

Frequently Asked Questions

Outdoor gatherings lower risk because wind disperses viral droplets, and sunlight can kill some of the virus. Open spaces prevent the virus from building up in concentrated amounts and being inhaled, which can happen when infected people exhale in a confined space for long stretches of time, said Dr. Julian W. Tang, a virologist at the University of Leicester.

In the beginning, the coronavirus seemed like it was primarily a respiratory illness — many patients had fever and chills, were weak and tired, and coughed a lot, though some people don’t show many symptoms at all. Those who seemed sickest had pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome and received supplemental oxygen. By now, doctors have identified many more symptoms and syndromes. In April, the C.D.C. added to the list of early signs sore throat, fever, chills and muscle aches. Gastrointestinal upset, such as diarrhea and nausea, has also been observed. Another telltale sign of infection may be a sudden, profound diminution of one’s sense of smell and taste. Teenagers and young adults in some cases have developed painful red and purple lesions on their fingers and toes — nicknamed “Covid toe” — but few other serious symptoms.

The coronavirus spreads primarily through droplets from your mouth and nose, especially when you cough or sneeze. The C.D.C., one of the organizations using that measure, bases its recommendation of six feet on the idea that most large droplets that people expel when they cough or sneeze will fall to the ground within six feet. But six feet has never been a magic number that guarantees complete protection. Sneezes, for instance, can launch droplets a lot farther than six feet, according to a recent study. It's a rule of thumb: You should be safest standing six feet apart outside, especially when it's windy. But keep a mask on at all times, even when you think you’re far enough apart.

As of right now, that seems likely, for at least several months. There have been frightening accounts of people suffering what seems to be a second bout of Covid-19. But experts say these patients may have a drawn-out course of infection, with the virus taking a slow toll weeks to months after initial exposure. People infected with the coronavirus typically produce immune molecules called antibodies, which are protective proteins made in response to an infection. These antibodies may last in the body only two to three months, which may seem worrisome, but that’s perfectly normal after an acute infection subsides, said Dr. Michael Mina, an immunologist at Harvard University. It may be possible to get the coronavirus again, but it’s highly unlikely that it would be possible in a short window of time from initial infection or make people sicker the second time.

Employers have to provide a safe workplace with policies that protect everyone equally. And if one of your co-workers tests positive for the coronavirus, the C.D.C. has said that employers should tell their employees -- without giving you the sick employee’s name -- that they may have been exposed to the virus.

Maps and Trackers

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  5. PhotoWashington D.C. and 11 states meet the target.

School Reopenings

  1. PhotoA statue of Lydia Moss Bradley, the founder of Bradley University. Student journalists reported on quarantines at that school and at other colleges around the country in a recent Times article.
    CreditHaley Johnson/The Bradley Scout
  2. PhotoStudents arrived in October for their first day of school in New York. The challenges of schooling during the pandemic have not been a major presidential campaign theme.
    CreditTodd Heisler/The New York Times
  3. PhotoThe Big House 
    CreditTalya Minsberg/The New York Times
  4. PhotoAlabama pulled out all the stops to have Nick Saban available to coach against Georgia last weekend.
    CreditGary Cosby Jr/USA Today Sports, via Reuters
  5. PhotoAbout 6,000 Michigan State University students were registered to vote in East Lansing in August when the university announced that most classes would be taught online.
    CreditSylvia Jarrus for The New York Times


  1. PhotoMourners with the coffin of a JBS employee who died of Covid-19 in April after an outbreak at the meat processing plant in Greeley, Colo. The plant was later cited for safety lapses.
    CreditAlex Mcintyre/The Greeley Tribune, via Associated Press
  2. Photo“The commission will borrow for the first time on financial markets on a large scale,” Johannes Hahn, the European commissioner in charge of budget and administration, said on Wednesday.
    CreditOlivier Hoslet/Pool, via Reuters
  3. PhotoA sign for the movie based on the popular Japanese manga “Demon Slayer” at a Tokyo theater last week.
    CreditKyodo News, via Getty Images
  4. PhotoAaron Loar, an engineer at Natron Energy, working from home. The start-up is building a new kind of battery, a process that requires a lot of equipment.
    CreditCayce Clifford for The New York Times
  5. PhotoRandy Lint, owner of Big Creek Coffee Roasters in Hamilton, Mont., requires customers to wear a mask. Most order outdoors from a takeout window.
    CreditLido Vizzutti for The New York Times

Lives We've Lost

More in Lives We've Lost ›
  1. PhotoLonnie Norman, the mayor of Manchester, Tenn., helped revitalize his city's downtown area and was instrumental in starting a recreation center. He also welcomed the Bonnaroo festival with open arms. 
    CreditCity of Manchester Mayor's Office, via Associated Press
  2. PhotoRebecca Cryer was at work on April 19, 1995, when, across the street, a truck bomb exploded outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. She overcame serious injuries to continue her career as a lawyer and tribal judge.
    Creditvia Cryer family
  3. PhotoThe Rev. John Vakulskas brought his pastoral skills to carnivals, often ministering to their workers after the crowds had gone home.
    CreditMary Ann Lickteig
  4. PhotoStuart Bowyer, right, in 1992 next to a prototype of his Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer, a satellite that revealed more than a thousand stars, galaxies and raging gas clouds through ultraviolet detection. He was with Roger Malina, a physicist and astronomer.
    CreditJane Scherr/U.C. Berkeley
  5. PhotoFred Dean, a pass-rushing specialist for the San Francisco 49ers, waved to fans as he was introduced at the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio, in 2008.
    CreditMark Duncan/Associated Press